LAND DEGRADATION AND SOIL CONSERVATION ON THE MOLDAVIAN PLATEAU, ROMANIA
Author: IONITA, ION
Source: Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region, 1 January 2008 , pp. 149-160(12)
Abstract:The Moldavian Plateau, located in eastern Romania and extending about 27,000 square kilometers, is one of the most severely eroded agricultural areas in the country. Clayey-sandy Miocene-Pliocene layers with a gentle gradient of 7-8 m km-1 NNW-SSW have outcropped from sedimentary substratum (Jeanrenaud, 1971). The climate is temperate continental with a mean annual temperature of 8.0 - 9.8 0C. Average annual precipitation varies from about 460 millimeters at the lower elevation in the southern part to 670 millimeters in the central and northwestern area with elevations up to 587 meters. Natural vegetation cover was drastically changed by man particularly during the last two centuries. Mollisols and argiluvisols (forest soils) are among the most common soils and have been used for crop production. The main land use stratification is cropland (58%), pastures and meadows (16%) and forest (13%).
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2008-01-01
- Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region
The Mediterranean Basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa, which contributes to its cultural and high biodiversity. The greatest impacts have been deforestation, habitat fragmentation, intensive grazing and fires, and infrastructure development, especially on the coast, which have distinctly altered the landscape. In view of the valuable natural heritage there is a great need for weighing our ecological impact in order to achieve a balance between biodiversity conservation and human development and above all, how to maintain traditional rural livelihoods in a way that benefits biodiversity. This book synthesizes knowledge from many disciplines to throw some light on the unpredictability of forthcoming changes.
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