Skip to main content

Land Degradation and Soil Conservation on the Moldavian Plateau, Romania

Buy Article:

$25.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The Moldavian Plateau, located in eastern Romania and extending about 27,000 square kilometers, is one of the most severely eroded agricultural areas in the country. Clayey-sandy Miocene-Pliocene layers with a gentle gradient of 7–8 m km-1 NNW-SSW have outcropped from sedimentary substratum (Jeanrenaud, 1971). The climate is temperate continental with a mean annual temperature of 8.0 – 9.8 °C. Average annual precipitation varies from about 460 millimeters at the lower elevation in the southern part to 670 millimeters in the central and northwestern area with elevations up to 587 meters. Natural vegetation cover was drastically changed by man particularly during the last two centuries. Mollisols and argiluvisols (forest soils) are among the most common soils and have been used for crop production. The main land use stratification is cropland (58%), pastures and meadows (16%) and forest (13%).

Under these circumstances, at present soil erosion, gullying, landslides and sedimentation have been recognized as major environmental threats. The total erosion is averaging 15 – 30 t ha-1 yr-1. By 1960, the traditional agricultural system on slopes consisted of up-and-down hill farming. Most of the land was excessively split into small plots, each under one hectare in size. Since 1960, awareness of soil erosion and the adoption of conservation practices has increased. By the end of 1989 as much 0.9 million hectares, representing 71 percent of the agricultural land with erosion potential were adequately protected under different conservation practices. Romania's new land property Law Number 18/1991 has resulted in the revival of the old traditional up-and-down hill farming.

In order to evaluate the severity of erosion and sedimentation there was a need to get reliable information. Current methods of erosion and deposition assessment may be divided into three approaches, namely longterm monitoring of experimental plots, repeated field survey of gully erosion features, and field measurements to identify spatial patterns of sedimentation.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5848/CSP.1087.00010

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region
    The Mediterranean Basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa, which contributes to its cultural and high biodiversity. The greatest impacts have been deforestation, habitat fragmentation, intensive grazing and fires, and infrastructure development, especially on the coast, which have distinctly altered the landscape. In view of the valuable natural heritage there is a great need for weighing our ecological impact in order to achieve a balance between biodiversity conservation and human development and above all, how to maintain traditional rural livelihoods in a way that benefits biodiversity. This book synthesizes knowledge from many disciplines to throw some light on the unpredictability of forthcoming changes.
  • Submit a Paper
  • Purchase hard copy print edition
  • Learn more about CSP @ GSE Research
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
cspub/necmr/2008/00000001/00000001/art00011
dcterms_title,dcterms_description,pub_keyword
6
5
20
40
5

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more