Actual Processes of Elevation Modelling on the Valley of Llap and Their Impact on the Environment

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Abstract:

Development of an area elevation is a multidimensional process and it is expressed by indicators that have a complex dependency between internal forces and external geomorphologic factors.

General study of an area elevation makes possible the knowing of one of the most complex components of the environment. Considering the fact that the major part of Kosovo territory has been studied relatively little bit on a morphological aspect, in this project it was seen needed to make efforts for a partial approach related to the process of recent elevation modeling of the valley of Llap, and also to the other created processes and forms.

To fulfill this work there have been used the following main methods: cartographical, statistically-mathematical and field activities. Through cartographical and in combination with statistical-mathematical method it has been determined area of study. From calculation it has been finalized horizontal and vertical fraction. Horizontal fraction performs report of water flows on proportion with surface. From erosion maps we got surface of poignancy, surface of erosion and have been determined most risk surfaces. On geographical studies especially on geomorphologic and environmental, work methods in the field remains most needed. Observing directly processes and occurrences in the field made the problem more imminent and understandable .In the field has been concluded soil slides depend from geological construction and slope of terrain. Meantime also have been verified damages foresees for construction dwellings on these areas from unaware inhabitant for risks.

Today's sight of the elevation of Llap (Fig. 4-1) valley is a result of activity of geomorphologic processes in space and time.

Elevation modeling begun after the valley remained without water of the lake that once existed and it is continuing until today's day. Some factors that they have influenced on elevation modeling are: natural factors, natural-anthropogenic and the anthropogenic factor.

First we should take into consideration all those processes that came to be as result of the activity of endogenous and exogenous forces.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5848/CSP.1087.00004

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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  • Natural Environment and Culture in the Mediterranean Region
    The Mediterranean Basin is located at the intersection of two major landmasses, Eurasia and Africa, which contributes to its cultural and high biodiversity. The greatest impacts have been deforestation, habitat fragmentation, intensive grazing and fires, and infrastructure development, especially on the coast, which have distinctly altered the landscape. In view of the valuable natural heritage there is a great need for weighing our ecological impact in order to achieve a balance between biodiversity conservation and human development and above all, how to maintain traditional rural livelihoods in a way that benefits biodiversity. This book synthesizes knowledge from many disciplines to throw some light on the unpredictability of forthcoming changes.
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