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The Impact of Government Policies on Refugee Migration in Kenya

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Refugee-receiving countries, especially those countries that have ratified the Geneva Convention of 1951, have a responsibility under international instruments to accord refugees’ international protection. Kenya has been home to refugees for over fifteen years. Over time the country has hosted refugees from different parts of Africa. This chapter details Kenyan policy on refugees’ internal migration and the conditions under which the refugees survive in Kenya. It also evaluates these policies in the light of refugee protection documents and other human rights conventions. The chapter brings out the trend of refugee migration from the Kenyan refugee camps to other parts of the country, a move contrary to the government policies. With the recent review of Kenyan policies on refugees, however, the chapter concludes that this category of refugees present a new form of migrants that are neither economic nor forced migrants but circumstantial migrants. In compiling this work, the author has used personal observation, having worked in the two refugee camps in Kenya (being a Kenyan himself), as well as considerable secondary data.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Globalization and Transnational Migrations: Africa and Africans in the Contemporary Global System
    This book highlights global asymmetries by interfacing the notion of "one world" or "flat world" with the challenges thrown up by transnational migration, brain drain, citizenship, identity, multiculturalism, religion and ethnicity. It presents researches and discourses on globalization across disciplines and across regions, and fosters ongoing inquiry into important assumptions, beliefs and perspectives about the implications of globalization for Africa and Africans. Through illuminating narratives and copious explanations, this book assists readers to make sense of globalization and the position of Africa and Africans in it.
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