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Globalization and its New Boundaries: Citizenship and Identity among the Immigrant African Economic Elite in France

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In spite of the universalist ideology of integration nowadays prevailing in France, immigrants regularly experience marginalization within the nation in which they live. They face racial discriminations and social practices based on their skin color and origins and underlining their assumed differences, which may impact their economic activity. They negotiate their social status and identity using the resources they earned as international elites: social, economic, and cultural capital allow them to get involved in politics and/or social milieu. They claim their French citizenship as agents expanding French influence in the world.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2009

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