This chapter is a theoretical, comparative, and empirical investigation of how skilled African immigrants in South Africa and France (from 1994 till date) cope with the dynamics of change they are faced with, their encounters with new cultures and identities in host nations and communities as well as the political dynamics of identity and citizenship in their new environment. The contemporary world system simultaneously conduces to and is averse to pluralization of identities. To this extent, globalization's promise of cosmopolitanism will not fully crystallize except from the crucible of political struggles which, in their latent and manifest forms, have to be waged by African immigrants aided by those who support multiculturalism and transculturalism in host communities. Our tentative conclusion is that the dialectical relationship between nationalism and cosmopolitanism is likely to end in a win-win situation, almost par la force des choses.
Globalization and Transnational Migrations: Africa and Africans in the Contemporary Global System This book highlights global asymmetries by interfacing the notion of "one world" or "flat world" with the challenges thrown up by transnational migration, brain drain, citizenship, identity, multiculturalism, religion and ethnicity. It presents researches and discourses on globalization across disciplines and across regions, and fosters ongoing inquiry into important assumptions, beliefs and perspectives about the implications of globalization for Africa and Africans. Through illuminating narratives and copious explanations, this book assists readers to make sense of globalization and the position of Africa and Africans in it.