Les Réserves de Biosphère du Programme sur l'Homme et la Biosphère de l'UNESCO: au delà des Aires Protégées, un Modèle de Société Durable?
Author: Michelot, Agnès
Source: Democracy, Ecological Integrity and International Law, Issue data not provided , pp. 389-408(20)
Abstract:Biosphere reserves are sites recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) which innovates and demonstrates approach to conservation and sustainable management. Launched in 1970s the MAB offers an interdisciplinary research agenda and capacity to improve the relationship of people with their environment. It raises biosphere reserves to be the principal internationally designated areas dedicated to sustainable development in the 21st century. The MAB has developed a world network of biosphere reserves to promote knowledge-sharing, research and monitoring, education and training, and participatory decision-making. Based on an adaptative concept implying a zonation (core area, buffer zone, transition area), biosphere reserves promote solutions to reconcile the conservation of biodiversity with its sustainable use. These highly innovative sites have three interrelated functions: conservation of landscapes, ecosystems, species and genetic variation; economic and culturally adapted human development; and logistic support through research, monitoring, environmental education and training.
They rely on a ethical approach recognizing that human is part of nature and that nature is changing in contact with human. More generally, the biosphere reserve concept appears as a project of “sustainable society” based on social equity (benefits sharing, redistribution of ecological services, building capacity of adaptation, sharing knowledge on conservation) and on the ecosystem approach. The world network of biosphere reserves gives local working examples to accommodate adaptations to society's call for sustainable development. It helps to provide tools to deal with the complex and dynamic nature of ecosystem, and to face climate change and human development challenges such as urbanization.
Biosphere reserves represent a means not only to promote conservation and sustainable use in a equitable way, but also a pact between communities and society as a whole to open the way to a fair and sustainable future.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2010
- Democracy, Ecological Integrity and International Law
Democracy, Ecological Integrity and International Law is the latest product of research by the Global Ecological Integrity Group (www.globalecointegrity.net), an organisation that has been meeting annually since 1992 to discuss scientific, philosophical, political and legal aspects of ecological integrity. This collection examines various aspects of governance from the standpoint of integrity: from democracy, to forms of Native governance, from globalization and neocolonialism to specific human rights to food, water and climate.
- Submit a Paper
- Purchase hard copy print edition
- Learn more about CSP @ GSE Research
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites