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Open Access T1 and ECV Mapping in Myocardial Disease

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Abstract:

T1 mapping using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) introduces novel techniques for myocardial tissue characterization to detect and quantify disease processes occurring at the microscopic level. Even though T1 mapping has limited spatial resolution, cellular and molecular changes occurring within each voxel can affect the aggregate T1 signal rendering them quantifiable. The estimated T1-based parameters quantified on a “map” demonstrate the spatial localization of these changes whereby each pixel expresses the quantitative value of that parameter. This quantification permits detection of diffuse disease even if it is not directly visible. Rather than relying on nonspecific functional measures, T1 mapping focuses on intrinsic changes of myocardial composition that advances understanding about specific disease pathways. These changes in myocardial tissue composition inform diagnosis and prognosis. T1 mapping encompasses two key parameters: native (i.e., precontrast) T1 and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) derived from additional postcontrast T1 and blood T1 measurements. These advances introduce new tools to detect focal and diffuse myocardial derangements occurring in cardiac disease that can be otherwise difficult to detect. T1 and ECV mapping foster precision medicine and personalized care, promising to improve patient outcomes through targeted therapy. Capitalizing on the opportunities introduced by T1 mapping and ECV requires further investigation.

Keywords: T1 mapping; amyloidosis; extracellular volume; myocardial fibrosis; remodeling

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2016.0066

Publication date: 2016-12-01

More about this publication?
  • Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA)�publishes focused articles and original clinical research that explore�novel developments in cardiovascular disease, effective control and rehabilitation in cardiovascular disease, and promote cardiovascular innovations and applications for the betterment of public health globally. The journal publishes basic research that has clinical applicability in order to promote timely communication of the latest insights relating to coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, prevention of cardiovascular disease with a heavy emphasis on risk factor modification. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is the official journal of the Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC). It aims to continue the work of the GW-ICC by providing a global scientific communication platform for cardiologists that bridges East and West.

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