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Evaluation of activities of daily living ability and awareness among clients in a forensic psychiatry evaluation unit in Sweden

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Abstract:

Introduction: The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate activities of daily living (ADL) functioning for clients in a forensic psychiatry evaluation unit and also to investigate the relationship between ADL functioning and awareness of their ability to perform ADL.

Method: The sample consisted of 35 participants at a forensic psychiatry evaluation unit in Sweden. ADL was investigated using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS) and awareness of ability was investigated using the Assessment of Awareness of Ability (A 3 ).

Results: The ADL mean motor ability for the participants was 1.68 logits and the process ability showed an ADL mean value of 0.83 logit. The mean value of awareness was 0.60 logit. A majority of the participants demonstrated ability measures below the cut-off criteria in the AMPS, which indicates that they might need support to function in the community. There was also a significant relationship between awareness of ability and ADL motor ability (rho = 0.49, p<0.01) and ADL process ability (rho = 0.77, p<0.01).

Conclusion: Clients in forensic psychiatry demonstrate limited ability in ADL, associated with a limited awareness. Clients in forensic psychiatry may also need assistance to live in the community, which suggests that occupational therapy may be offered to these clients in order to prepare them to manage in the community.

Keywords: OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4276/030802213X13576469254658

Publication date: January 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.

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