The development of care pathways and packages in mental health based on the Model of Human Occupation Screening Tool

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Purpose: Payment by Results (PbR) was recently introduced to mental health care in England. The system allocates service users to one of 20 clusters and will provide funding based on cluster membership, rather than on block contracts. Occupational therapists are challenged to define care packages for each of the clusters.

Method: To facilitate their development, this study identified the occupational profiles of service users in each cluster based on measures offered by the Model of Human Occupation. The study used existing data from the clinical records of 625 service users from two organisations, collected through use of the Mental Health Clustering Tool and the Model of Human Occupation Screening Tool.

Results: Across the sample, service users showed greatest problems with habituation, followed by volition and process skills. Qualitatively distinct occupational profiles were identified across the clusters. Service users with non-psychotic problems showed the least interference with occupational participation; those in clusters involving psychosis showed moderate levels of interference; and those in clusters involving cognitive impairment demonstrated the most difficulty with occupational participation.

Conclusion: These findings provide an important evidence base for thinking about the occupational needs of service users within the various PbR clusters and the corresponding services that might be offered.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at

    Submissions can be made at

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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