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Return to work after traumatic brain injury: recording, measuring and describing occupational therapy intervention

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Low post-injury employment rates indicate that returning to work is difficult following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Occupational therapists assist people with TBI to return to work, but rarely is their intervention described. This has hindered research into vocational rehabilitation.

As no existing tool was identified for recording intervention, a proforma was developed for this study. Using best practice guidelines and a consensus of expert opinion, 15 categories of the vocational rehabilitation process were identified. Time spent on each category was recorded in 10-minute units after each occupational therapy session. The records of 21 participants who received occupational therapy focused on vocational rehabilitation were analysed.

The proforma was quick and simple to use. The analysis showed that assessment, work preparation, employer involvement, education and dealing with issues of immediate concern to participants accounted for almost 85% of face-to-face intervention. It also showed that for every 1 hour of face-to-face contact, an additional 2 hours was required for liaison and travel.

This study showed that there is potential for using a proforma for quantifying and describing occupational therapy. This is the basis for further work to enable meaningful comparisons with other services and use in future studies.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4276/030802210X12839367526138

Publication date: September 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.

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