Facilitating technology use in older adulthood: the Person-Environment-Occupation Model revisited

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Abstract:

This mixed methods study used a cross-comparative case study design to explore how previous experiences with technology can influence collaboration between older married couples during first-time use of technology, namely an in-vehicle navigation system.

Previous research suggests that, with age, collaboration with a married partner can maintain or, in some cases, even improve performance on cognitive-based, memory retrieval tasks. However, few studies have evaluated how older adults problem solve collaboratively through such tasks. Driving a car has been identified as a context in which older drivers and copilots (that is, spouse) work together to get to the places they need to go safely. With the advent of vehicular technology, including navigation systems, older drivers expect to share the cognitive load with their copilot.

Using the Person-Environment-Occupation Model, this investigation highlights key factors that influence the shared adoption and use of technology in later life. For occupational therapists, the results from this study can guide clinical decision-making when prescribing technology and considering collaborative training strategies that facilitate occupational performance in older adulthood.

Keywords: OLDER ADULTS; TECHNOLOGY; TRAINING

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4276/030802210X12839367526011

Publication date: September 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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