The Way We Were: Thinking Rationally
Author: Hocking, Clare
Source: The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 71, Number 5, May 2008 , pp. 185-195(11)
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Abstract:This is the second of three articles arising from a study that employed a history of ideas approach to explore how occupational therapists working in the United Kingdom before 1962 thought about their practice. The perspective taken was that people think about things in ways that are consistent with Western society's philosophical roots in Romanticism and rationalism. The data were drawn from books and journals published between 1938 and 1962. The purpose of the study was to learn about the profession as it was being established, in order to increase understanding of current practice issues and concerns.
The focus of this article is occupational therapists' rationalism, which is evident in their careful accrual of technical expertise and attempts to account for their practice. Over time, occupational therapists' proclivity to organise and expand their knowledge base supported developments in vocational rehabilitation and activities of daily living programmes. These efforts were encouraged by other health professions and while they helped to secure occupational therapists' place in rehabilitation settings, they also contributed to the decline in craftwork, an emphasis on independence in activities of daily living, and circumscribed therapeutic goals.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2008
The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.
BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy
Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot
The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites