The Integration of Clinical and Managerial Supervision: a Critical Literature Review

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The introduction of a new development review process, the Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF), has placed a greater demand on occupational therapists within the health service to be more accountable for practice. It has been proposed that the KSF may provide a useful structure for supervision in order to ensure continual development. Therefore, this literature review looked at the appropriateness of addressing both clinical and managerial issues within the supervisory process.

The results indicate that despite many professions being unsure of how best to deliver supervision, there is a common understanding that a structure combining clinical and managerial supervision, such as the KSF, may be useful. It is, however, recommended that the roles of appraiser and supervisor remain separate, because many researchers found conflict within this duality of role as having an impact upon the effectiveness of supervision. It is also recommended that further research be undertaken in order to evaluate formally the effectiveness of integrating the KSF into supervision.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at

    Submissions can be made at

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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