Occupational Performance of People Diagnosed with Schizophrenia in Supported Housing and Outreach Programmes in Australia

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Abstract:

This study compared the occupational performance in activities of daily living (ADL) of people diagnosed with schizophrenia in two settings: 25 people in residential rehabilitation facilities and 18 people receiving intensive outreach support in their homes in urban Australia. All participants were assessed with structured interviews, the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (a performance-based measure of ADL ability) and the Life Skills Profile (an informant-report measure of disability).

Hypothesised differences in ADL performance between the two settings were not supported. Mean ADL process ability, based on the AMPS process skills subscale, indicated that the majority (58%) of the 43 participants needed some assistance in community living, irrespective of where they lived and the types of support received. Many participants (42%) performed ADL tasks with relative ease, efficiency, safety and independence as measured by AMPS, indicating that they could live in housing arrangements with outreach support. However, the ADL process ability measures for two-thirds of these participants indicated that they would struggle in community living in the absence of outreach support.

Given these findings, the eligibility criteria and screening for residential and outreach support services need re-examination and performance-based assessments of ADL ability could improve the identification of housing-related support needs. Occupational therapists have expertise in this area to develop individualised supports that enable a greater choice of living arrangements for people diagnosed with schizophrenia.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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