An Evidence-Based Approach to Choosing Outcome Measures: a Checklist for the Critical Appraisal of Validity, Reliability and Responsiveness Studies

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Selecting outcome measures for clinical practice or research needs to be based on a critical evaluation of the evidence on the validity and reliability of the available measures. This paper presents both a theoretical framework based on the methodological literature of how these psychometric properties can be assessed and a checklist designed to facilitate the critical appraisal of studies on outcome measures.

Through examples drawn from the published literature, the concepts of instrument validity, reliability and responsiveness and how these can be evaluated and reported are illustrated. It is suggested that a structured checklist can facilitate a more evidence-based approach to the selection and employment of outcome measures in clinical practice and research.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2005

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at

    Submissions can be made at

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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