Occupational Therapy in Nursing and Residential Care Settings: a Description of a Randomised Controlled Trial Intervention
Authors: Sackley, Catherine M; Copley Atkinson, Jo; Walker, Marion F
Source: The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 67, Number 3, 1 March 2004 , pp. 104-110(7)
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Abstract:This article describes an occupational therapy intervention for stroke that was provided as part of a randomised controlled trial in order to evaluate the effects of the intervention of an occupational therapist in a nursing and residential home setting. The intervention was developed and described to enable it to be reproduced in further evaluations, as recommended by the Medical Research Council's guidelines for clinical trials.
Initially, the published evidence was reviewed and advice was sought to identify the process, content and recording methods needed to treat clients in a care home setting. This resulted in a clearly defined, evidence-based treatment package and a predetermined recording system.
Sixty residents received occupational therapy: the mean number of visits was 8.5 and the mean total time per participant was 4.7 hours. During 508 visits, the majority of time was spent on activities of daily living training and mobility practice (40%), followed by assessment and goal setting (31%), communication with residents, staff, relatives and other agencies (15%), adaptive equipment (10%) and the treatment of impairments (4%).
It is possible to develop evidence-based targeted occupational therapy interventions to be used in the context of a controlled clinical trial. Further work is required to examine the validity of the recording methods and the reproducibility of the intervention.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2004
The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.
BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy
Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot
The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.
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