The Role of Computer Simulation in the Development of Clinical Reasoning Skills
Author: Stewart, Lisa S P
Source: The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 64, Number 1, 1 January 2001 , pp. 2-8(7)
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Abstract:A multidisciplinary project is under way to develop a computer model which will simulate the hip fracture care process in both a large teaching hospital and a district general hospital (Currie et al 1998). This paper describes the occupational therapy contribution to the project.
The complex process of care will be simulated by integrating each clinical group's patient intervention (strategy) at each point of the patient's journey. As part of this research, the literature was referred to for evidence to support current occupational therapy and to form a structure for simulation. The occupational therapy strategy is represented as a flow chart which leads the patient from admission to the acute orthopaedic ward, through to assessment, rehabilitation and, finally, discharge. The literature suggested that the way in which each occupational therapist individualised this strategy (based on Hagedorn's  model) was influenced by his or her own clinical reasoning, which might in turn affect outcome.
The notion that mental modelling (clinical reasoning) might be simulated has led to the suggestion that computer simulation could be used as a learning tool to develop clinical reasoning skills in the novice, with the aim of improving patient care.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2001-01-01
The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.
BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy
Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot
The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.
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