Evaluation of an Outpatient Diabetes Education Programme

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Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate a four-session multidisciplinary outpatient diabetes education programme using positive change in knowledge of diabetes, self-management behaviours, perceptions of wellness, body mass index and blood glucose control as indicators of programme efficacy. The participants were 24 patients (mean age 74 years, 17 male) with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Data on their knowledge of diabetes, self-management behaviours, perceptions of wellness and body mass index were collected pre-programme and post-programme and at a 3-month follow-up. Glycosylated haemoglobin as a measure of blood glucose control was tested pre-programme and 3 months later.

Analysis by Wilcoxon signed ranks test showed improvement in exercise behaviour between pre-programme and post-programme (p<0.001) and follow-up measurements (p<0.01). Using matched t-tests, a significant improvement in blood glucose control was revealed at 3 months (p<0.01). Dietary behaviour and wellness scores were consistently positive at all measurement points. Knowledge of diabetes remained poor for the duration of the study. Suggestions regarding the most appropriate format and delivery of a diabetes education programme are offered.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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