Rising from Sitting in Elderly People, Part 1: Implications of Biomechanics and Physiology

Authors: Laporte, Diane M; Chan, Donna; Sveistrup, Heidi

Source: The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 62, Number 1, January 1999 , pp. 36-42(7)

Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists

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Abstract:

Rising from a sitting position is arguably the most frequently performed component of activities of daily living and is a prerequisite to functional mobility and subsequent meaningful activity. A difficulty with rising, commonly observed in elderly people, may either be a nuisance factor or have a serious impact on independence and quality of life; thus the occupational therapist seeks to maintain and improve this function.

This literature review is in two parts. Part 1 discusses the functional implications and importance of rising from sitting and provides a biomechanical analysis of sit-to-stand that focuses on balance and momentum. It considers the dynamic relationship between the centre of mass and the centre of pressure, the phases of rising and the factors that affect ease of rising, such as initial body position, speed of rising and age-related physiological changes. Part 2 will offer movement, environmental and motivational strategies based on the findings presented in part 1. These strategies are designed to help elderly people to compensate for difficulties in rising. The analysis and strategies proposed are also applicable to younger clients with balance or muscle strength impairments.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1999

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2012 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 1.096.

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