Determining the Effectiveness of a Short-Term Anxiety Management Course
Author: Prior, Sarah
Source: The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, Volume 61, Number 5, May 1998 , pp. 207-213(7)
Publisher: College of Occupational Therapists
Abstract:The effectiveness of a 6-week anxiety management course at a mental health day hospital was researched. The author was motivated to research these sessions due to her own observations of the clients' progress in the groups. There was also an increasing demand for anxiety management groups with many clients being referred by general practitioners. The subjects were 37 clients. The diagnosis of the clients varied but anxiety must have been identified as a problem. Four of the 6-week courses were run over a period of 10 months.
The course was evaluated using three questionnaires: the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale, the Spielberger Questionnaire (state and trait) and the Fear Questionnaire. The clients completed the questionnaires four times: pre-treatment, at the beginning and at the end of the course, and at 2 months post-treatment. A control group was used.
The data collected from the questionnaires were analysed using paired t-tests. The results showed that the anxiety management course was effective, with a statistically significant reduction in symptoms by the end of the course. The control group did not show significant change.
It was the HAD Scale that showed the statistically significant positive change. The state section of the Spielberger Questionnaire followed the same pattern as the HAD Scale and showed a reduction in symptoms, although it was not statistically significant. The results of the Fear Questionnaire suggested that the clients' phobias were not treated by the anxiety management course. A client satisfaction questionnaire was used and participants made positive comments about the value of the course.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1998
The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.
BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy
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