Occupational Therapy in Mental Health: a Review of the literature

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This review of the literature was conducted as part of the development of a position paper on the way ahead for research, education and practice in occupational therapy in mental health. It included publications over the past decade and concentrated on the British Journal of Occupational Therapy. Recognising that experience from other countries would be beneficial, aspects of the literature from the national journals in the USA, Canada and Australia which were most relevant to practice in the United Kingdom were included.

The shortage of articles on mental health was conspicuous and their diverse topics and descriptive nature were notable. In the United Kingdom literature, the clinical subjects featured most often were dementia, work rehabilitation, community mental health and forensic psychiatry, with other subjects either appearing infrequently or not included. The literature from the other countries also explored new roles for occupational therapy, reflecting the changes in the delivery of mental health services. In the American Journal of Occupational Therapy, there was concern about the declining number of occupational therapists working in mental health. The review identified major themes in the literature, posed questions for research, education and practice in occupational therapy and formed the foundation for the position paper.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 1998

More about this publication?
  • The British Journal of Occupational Therapy (BJOT) is the official journal of the College of Occupational Therapists. Its purpose is to publish articles relevant to theory, practice, research, education and management in occupational therapy internationally.

    BJOT publishes research articles, critical reviews, practice analyses, opinion pieces, editorials, letters to the editor, book reviews and an annual index. Please refer to the author's guide at http://www.cot.co.uk/british-journal-bjot/british-journal-occupational-therapy

    Submissions can be made at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/bjot

    The 2013 Impact Factor for The British Journal of Occupational Therapy is 0.897.

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