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The new millennium encompasses an era of accelerating diversity and multicultural experience. Globalization, educational tourism, and international student growth has created the need for a greater understanding of the social and economic impacts of the tertiary education cross-cultural experience. The purpose of this article is to enhance this understanding, utilizing the social learning theory framework to compare local and international university students' international education experience with respect to cultural adaptation. The results show that cultural adaptation formed part of the multicultural experience for both student groups, although a key finding was that international students were subject to a greater degree of culture shock. These finding concur with previous academic literature and government reports that have discussed the issue.
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Keywords: Cultural adaptation; Culture shock; International students

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Department of Management Faculty of Business and Economics, Gippsland Campus, Monash University, Australia

Publication date: 2004-01-01

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  • Tourism Review International is a peer-reviewed journal that advances excellence in all fields of tourism research, promotes high-level tourism knowledge, and nourishes cultural awareness in all sectors of the tourism industry by integrating industry and academic perspectives. Its international and interdisciplinary nature ensures that the needs of those interested in tourism are served by documenting industry practices, discussing tourism management and planning issues, providing a forum for primary research and critical examinations of previous research, and by chronicling changing tourism patterns and trends at the local, regional and global scale.
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