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Forming Scuba Diving Environmental Codes of Conduct: What Entry-level Divers are Taught in Their First Certification Course

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Research on dive tourism has focused on diver impacts, predive briefings, and dive master interference. Recognizing diver impacts on marine environments, entry-level certification courses discuss them and encourage low-impact diving; several espouse a code of conduct. Dive tourists, a significant portion of the diving population, are unlikely to move beyond basic certification. It is essential to impart sufficient knowledge for them to form codes of conduct in these courses. Using content analysis, this article examines environmental content across three agencies entry-level manuals. It highlights their environmental messages (positive, missed, and conflicting) and concludes that not all courses impart the knowledge required for divers to form personal codes of conduct.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • Tourism in Marine Environments is an interdisciplinary journal dealing with a variety of management issues in marine settings. It is a scientific journal that draws upon the expertise of academics and practitioners from various disciplines related to the marine environment, including tourism, marine science, geography, social sciences, psychology, environmental studies, economics, marketing, and many more.

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