Ubuntu, a traditional African concept, acknowledges interconnectedness between humans and between humans and nature. This concept is also central to the worldview of Maori, the indigenous people of Aotearoa/New Zealand, where the phrase kaitiakitanga is used to express
the guardianship responsibilities Maori have with all living things. Such indigenous paradigms are pertinent to the issue of ocean noise, including the effect of human induced ocean noise on cetaceans. Few studies have focused on quantifying sound produced by tour boats and their effects,
nor has research been conducted on the deliberate use of sound to create and enhance interactions between tourists and targeted species. It is argued here that an alternate approach to management is needed to minimize any potential effects on targeted species.
Tourism in Marine Environments is an interdisciplinary journal dealing with a variety of management issues in marine settings. It is a scientific journal that draws upon the expertise of academics and practitioners from various disciplines related to the marine environment, including tourism, marine science, geography, social sciences, psychology, environmental studies, economics, marketing, and many more.