USES AND NEEDS FOR PEER REVIEW IN ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH
The U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) manages and executes multiple research programs focused on both military and civilian health problems. As a policy, all Command-sponsored research is subjected to peer review for both science and program alignment, but the details of the peer review process vary according to the objectives of each program. USAMRMC's core mission research programs conduct product-focused research aimed at delivering new products and information on health matters of military operational importance. As such, these programs have needs for peer review that go beyond ensuring high-quality science; peer review also ensures that programs are directed toward all items on the critical path for product transition, operating efficiently, and moving in a direction that is likely to lead to the accomplishment of their technical objectives. USAMRMC uses both prospective peer review of research proposals and retrospective and prospective peer review of research program subareas to further its core research mission. Peer review is also needed to validate the end products of research, particularly medical information products. While this form of peer review has not been universally employed, greater utilization of peer review can contribute to wider adoption of evidence-based medicine within the defense community.