Stakeholder Participation: A New Process and Its Application to Environmental Decisions

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Virtually all government agencies at the federal, state, and local levels and many private organizations realize the benefit of engaging the public in general and stakeholders in particular in their decision-making processes. However, there has been confusion on who is a stakeholder and how various stakeholders are to be included in a decision. In order to ensure that all stakeholders have a reasonable chance to participate in a decision, stakeholders are categorized into several groups consisting of: 1) Personally Impacted Stakeholders; 2) Administratively Impacted Stakeholders; 3) Generally Concerned Stakeholders; 4) Process Concerned Stakeholders; and 5) Remainder of the Public. The purpose of this categorization is to ensure that all stakeholders are reached and their views are appropriately considered in the decision process. Experience with the proposed stakeholder participation process indicates a high-level of agreement on the fairness of the process by virtually all stakeholders.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2008

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  • The journal Technology is a forum for presentation of information encompassing essentially the entire field of applied sciences. Owing to the broad nature of applied sciences, authors should be guided by the interest of the readers who are likely to be knowledgeable non-specialists.
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