Independent Peer Review and Independent Scientific Assessment: The Process and its Application
Abstract:Independent peer review is the foundation for acceptability of scientific claims. Virtually all credible scientific (including engineering) publications rely upon peer review in their decisions to publish or reject a manuscript. Similarly, at least in the United States, most government agencies rely upon peer review to fund a project or prioritize projects for funding. In addition, many government agencies and others perform scientific assessments in response to their respective needs.
The process for peer review and scientific assessment described in this paper was developed in cooperation with a number of organizations, notably the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. It has a clear and unambiguous structure. An independent committee oversees the entire process and is responsible for development and enforcement of policies, procedures, and appointment of Review Panels and Assessment Panels. Policies and procedures established during the development of the process ensure that members of the Panels are qualified for the specific review or assessment and are independent, as demonstrated by lack of conflict of interest. Reviews and assessments performed for national and international organizations, including federal, state, and local governmental agencies as well as for the U.S. Congress, demonstrated the validity of the process. Judging by the large-scale recognition of the program, it can be concluded that it was credible, timely, economical, and applicable to virtually every scientific and engineering activity.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2008
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- The journal Technology is a forum for presentation of information encompassing essentially the entire field of applied sciences. Owing to the broad nature of applied sciences, authors should be guided by the interest of the readers who are likely to be knowledgeable non-specialists.