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Analyzing Heterogeneity and Substitution in Trip-Making Propensity to Urban Parks: A Mixed Logit Model

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The aim of this study is to describe and predict residents' trip-making propensity to urban parks. The parks are classified in four categories: local parks, neighborhood parks, district parks, and city parks. Specifically, a mixed multinomial logit model is estimated from data collected from a sample of 991 households (1107 members) in the Eindhoven region in the Netherlands in 2002. The effects of household and individual characteristics and temporal aspects such as time of day, day of week, and season are examined. The mixed logit model accommodates for individuals' differences in trip-making propensity to the various urban parks. Furthermore, a pattern of correlation across urban park types, and hence substitution, is obtained. Results indicate that residents prefer the smaller, local, and neighborhood parks to the larger, district, and city parks for their leisure trips. In addition, there is heterogeneity in trip-making propensity to the particular parks types, specifically with regard to the district parks. Moreover, the local and neighborhood parks are substitutes of each other while they are complements of the district park in terms of residents' leisure trip behavior.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-09-01

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  • The aim of Tourism Analysis is to promote a forum for practitioners and academicians in the fields of Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH). As a interdisciplinary journal, it is an appropriate outlet for articles, research notes, and computer software packages designed to be of interest, concern, and of applied value to its audience of professionals, scholars, and students of LRTH programs the world over.
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