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RESORTS AND RESIDENTS: STRESS AND CONSERVATISM IN A DISPLACED COMMUNITY

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The consequences of tourism-caused displacement of a minority community are examined at a destination in Hainan, China where tourism is being promoted as a regional development strategy and planned in a top-down fashion. The research was conducted during the displacement implementation period until shortly after the relocation was finished. Two-period and spatial setting theories were organized into one model and applied, using stressfulness and conservatism as indicators. During the preparation period of resettlement, people expressed great stress about displacement and tended towards conservative behavior, rejecting additional risk-taking activities. However, the short relocation distance and integrated resettlement pattern, which resulted in no obvious external spatial setting change in this displacement case, helped the resettlers to reestablish their production systems more easily. Once settled in the new village, levels of stress and conservatism decreased, resulting in more innovative behaviors. Nevertheless, if resettlers are to get their share of benefits from tourism, improved planning is required, incorporating the provision of training opportunities and greater access to jobs.
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Keywords: China; Development-related displacement; Resort development; Stressfulness and Conservatism Model

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada

Publication date: 2005-01-01

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  • The aim of Tourism Analysis is to promote a forum for practitioners and academicians in the fields of Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH). As a interdisciplinary journal, it is an appropriate outlet for articles, research notes, and computer software packages designed to be of interest, concern, and of applied value to its audience of professionals, scholars, and students of LRTH programs the world over.
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