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Examining the Sources of Differential Support for Tourism Industry in Two Ghanaian Cities

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Abstract:

The current article examines residents' support for tourism in the Central Region of Ghana in Africa using social exchange theory as the guiding framework. Using pooled data from the two Ghanaian communities of Cape Coast and Elmina, this article tested a research hypothesis that support for tourism varies between the two Ghanaian communities due to their differing socioeconomic bases. Findings of this study suggest differences in the levels of support for tourism (the hospitality industry and tourism infrastructure/attractions) among the residents of the two Ghanaian communities. Results of regression analyses suggest that support for the hospitality industry and support for the infrastructure and tourism attraction development were influenced by partially different reasons in both communities. The higher support for tourism in Cape Coast might be attributable to its status as the region's capital. Cape Coast, on the other hand, has a relatively more diversified economy including entities such as government offices, a university, several leading secondary schools, retail activities, and hotels; some of this diversification may be viewed as positive and directly attributed to the tourism development in the town.

Keywords: Key words: Social Exchange Theory; Cape Coast; Elmina; Ghana; Africa; Residents' attitudes; Tourism development; Tourism policy

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/108354201108749728

Affiliations: 1: *Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Sciences, Texas A&M University, 308 Francis Hall, College Station, TX 77843-2261 2: †Department of Recreation Management and Tourism, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 874905, 131 Moeur Building, Tempe, AZ 85287-4905

Publication date: 2001-01-01

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  • The aim of Tourism Analysis is to promote a forum for practitioners and academicians in the fields of Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH). As a interdisciplinary journal, it is an appropriate outlet for articles, research notes, and computer software packages designed to be of interest, concern, and of applied value to its audience of professionals, scholars, and students of LRTH programs the world over.
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