An Analysis of Historical Tourism Development and its Implications to the Tourism Industry in Hong Kong

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The objectives of this article are to analyze the historical evolution of tourism development in Hong Kong from 1961 to 1999. Secondary data of international tourist arrivals and tourist receipts are used to identify and analyze travel trends and patterns as well as economic impact. Tourism grew substantially over the past four decades, with visitation numbers and receipts peaking in 1997. Both income and visitor numbers declined as a result of the Asian economic crisis, before recovering during 1999. Short-haul tourists have a dominant position in the market. In particular, Chinese and Taiwanese tourists are gaining significance in terms of number of arrivals and amount of receipts. Tourism currently contributes 6.6% to the Hong Kong GDP.

Keywords: Expenditures; Historical tourism review; Hong Kong; Tourist arrivals

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Hotel and Tourism Management, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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  • Pacific Tourism Review is designed to meet the needs of the fastest growing tourism region. The tremendous changes in outbound and inbound travel patterns occurring in the wider Pacific area and their associated effects on the economy and environment demand a publication that specifically focuses on this area. Pacific Tourism Review aspires to advance excellence in tourism research, promote high-level tourism education, and nourish cultural awareness in all sectors of the tourism industry by integrating industry and academic perspectives. Its international and interdisciplinary nature ensures that the needs of those interested in Pacific tourism are served by documenting industry practices, discussing tourism policy and planning issues, providing a forum for primary research and critical examinations of previous research, and by chronicling changes in tourism patterns throughout the Pacific region.
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