PTEN Enhances the Sensitivity of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells to Sorafenib
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complex and heterogeneous tumor with several genomic alterations and ranks as the third highest cause of cancer-related death globally. The unresectable or metastatic HCC has very poor prognosis. Although multikinase inhibitor sorafenib can increase the survival of patients with advanced HCC, it is becoming apparent that combination therapies are critical to overcome the complex genomic aberrations in HCC. PTEN, as one of the most commonly inactivated genes in HCC, exerts a wide range of antitumor effects. In this study, we found that PTEN was downregulated in HCC tissues, especially in those tissues with extrahepatic metastasis. And negative PTEN expression cases showed increased proliferation activity. Overexpression of PTEN significantly reduced the proliferation of tumor cells HepG2. In addition, HepG2 cells transfected with PTEN were more sensitive to sorafenib in terms of its ability to inhibit proliferation and to induce apoptosis. Moreover, overexpression of PTEN decreased phosphorylation of MEK, a key downstream effector of RAF/MEK/ERK cascade, and levels of cyclin D1, antiapoptotic Bcl-2, and VEGF. These observations indicated that combination therapies with sorafenib and PTEN overexpression have potential to further improve therapeutic options for HCC.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-02-01
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- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.