Invadopodia Formation by Bladder Tumor Cells
Abstract:A major cause of death in patients with bladder tumors is recurrence with metastasis. Bladder tumor metastasis is largely dependent upon the invasive capacity of tumor cells. Tumor cell invasion is mainly mediated by actin-rich protrusive membrane structures called invadopodia. The formation of invadopodia was observed in various types of invasive tumors such as breast cancer and melanomas. However, invadopodia formation so far has not been described in bladder tumor cells. We here report that human bladder tumor cells form functionally active invadopodia. By using a confocal laser scanning microscope, we demonstrated that invasive bladder tumor cell lines, YTS-1 and T24, with high Matrigel degradation activity form invadopodia but that noninvasive bladder tumor cell lines, RT4 and KK-47, form no detectable invadopodia. Invadopodia formed by YTS-1 cells had the ability to secrete matrix metalloproteases and degrade extracellular matrix to invade surrounding areas. Moreover, we observed that primary tumor cells obtained from patients with invasive bladder tumors also form invadopodia, validating the results from bladder tumor cell lines. Our results provide evidence that invasive human bladder tumor cells form invadopodia for tumor invasion.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2010-02-01
More about this publication?
- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.