The Inhibitor of Growth 1 (ING1) Proteins Suppress Angiogenesis and Differentially Regulate Angiopoietin Expression in Glioblastoma Cells
The inhibitor of growth 1 (ING1) homologue ING4 has previously been implicated as a negative regulator of angiogenesis in a murine glioma and a multiple myeloma model. An association between ING1 and angiogenesis has not been reported yet. Our previous studies using tumor samples from patients have shown that ING1 levels are downregulated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), one of the most highly vascularized malignancies. Based on this background, the goal of this study was to test the effects of the major ING1 splicing isoforms, p47 ING1a and p33 ING1b , on pathological angiogenesis induced by human GBM cells. We used a chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay to examine whether LN229 human GBM cells can induce angiogenesis and whether alterations in ING1 expression, such as ING1 knockdown by siRNA or ectopic ING1 overexpression using ING1a and ING1b expression constructs, can affect this process. Increased ING1 protein expression significantly suppressed LN229 cell-induced angiogenesis in the CAM assay. While no effects on the proangiogenic factors VEGF or IL-8 were noted, the expression of angiopoietins (Ang) 1 and 4 were increased by the p47 ING1a , but not by the p33 ING1b isoform. Levels of Ang-2 were not sensitive to altered ING1 levels. Our data are the first to suggest that ING1 proteins suppress neoangiogenesis in GBM. Moreover, our results may support the idea that ING1 proteins regulate the expression of proteins that are critical for angiogenesis in GBM such as the angiopoietins.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-02-01
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- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.