Combined Effect of Rapamycin and Cisplatin on Survival of Hep-2 Cells In Vitro
Abstract:The cytotoxic effects and mechanism of action of cisplatin and the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin on Hep-2 laryngeal cancer cells were investigated. Hep-2 cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of rapamycin, cisplatin, or the two combined. Inhibition of cell growth, apoptosis, and AKT, mTOR, S6K, and ERCC1 protein levels were assessed. All combinations of rapamycin and cisplatin resulted in synergistic inhibition of cell growth (as indicated by q values determined using Jin's formula >1.15). Rapamycin inhibited Hep-2 cell growth, induced G1 arrest, and when combined with cisplatin, enhanced apoptosis. p-mTOR and S6K expressions were significantly downregulated by rapamycin. ERCC1 expression was significantly upregulated with cisplatin treatment. Combined cisplatin and rapamycin treatment resulted in significant downregulated p-mTOR and S6K expression, but no change in ERCC1 expression. Rapamycin and cisplatin act in a synergistic manner, increasing the cytotoxic effect on Hep-2 cells. Rapamycin may facilitate increased Hep-2 cell apoptosis with cisplatin via inhibiting downstream expression of proteins in the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-02-01
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- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.