Identification of Genes With Differential Expression in Chemoresistant Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Using High-Density Oligonucleotide Microarrays
A major obstacle in treatment of epithelial ovarian cancer is chemoresistance. The aim of this study was to determine whether distinct gene expression profiles are associated with chemoresistance in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. We performed global gene expression analysis in 13 primary epithelial ovarian cancer tissues including 5 primary chemosensitive tumors and 8 primary chemoresistant tumors using Affymetrix HG-U133A microarray. The gene expression patterns of chemosensitive tumors were compared with those of chemoresistant tumors using fold change. Validity of microarray results was examined by semiquantitative RT-PCR. We identified over 320 genes differentially expressed in chemoresistant epithelial ovarian cancer ( ≥ twofold). Upregulated genes in chemoresistant tumors included cell cycle regulating genes (TOP2A, BCAT1, CDCA8, CCNA2, CENPE), and genes with previously known mechanisms in tumorigenesis (S100A9, APOA1, RNF125, IFI16). Downregulated genes in chemoresistant tumors included genes related to cell adhesion (MUC5B, CITED2), transcription regulating genes (FOXD1, MAD1L1, PAX2), genes involving signal transduction (SOSTDC1, SNX1, SFRP1, FOXA2, PLK2), and stress protein gene (TP53AP1). These data show that gene expression profiling can discriminate primary chemoresistant from primary chemosensitive ovarian cancers. This type of molecular profiling could provide a basis for additional functional studies.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2009-02-01
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- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.