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Antitumor Effects and Cytotoxicity of Recombinant Plant Nucleases

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Abstract:

Recombinant plant nucleases R-TBN1 and R-HBN1 were isolated to homogeneity and examined for their antitumor effects and cytotoxicity. Although antiproliferative effects of both recombinant nucleases were not significant on the ML-2 cell culture in vitro, the nucleases were strongly cytostatic in vivo after their administration intravenously as stabilized conjugates with polyethylene glycol (PEG). Recombinant nucleases were as effective against melanoma tumors as previously studied pine pollen (PN) and mung bean nucleases and their effects were reached at about 10 times lower concentrations compared to the use of bovine seminal RNase (BS-RNase). Because the recombinant nucleases R-HBN1 and R-TBN1 share only 67.4% amino acid identity and showed only partial immunochemical cross-reactivity, their similar anticancerogenic effects can be mainly explained by their catalytical similarity. Both recombinant nucleases showed lower degree of aspermatogenesis compared to BS-RNAse and PN nuclease. Unlike BS-RNase, aspermatogenesis induced by both recombinant nucleases could not be prevented by the homologous antibody complexes. Owing to relatively low cytotoxicity on the one hand, and high efficiency at low protein levels on the other, recombinant plant nucleases R-HBN1 and R-TBN1 appear to be stable biochemical agents that can be targeted as potential antitumor cytostatics.

Keywords: Anticarcinogenic and antiproliferative nucleases; H. lupulus; Human melanoma; L. esculentum; Nicotiana benthamina; Plant infiltration; Spermatogenesis; Tumor xenografts

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096504009790217425

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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