Membrane Fluidity and Surface Changes During Initiation of 1,2 Dimethylhydrazine-Induced Colon Carcinogenesis: Protection by Zinc

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Abstract:

The present study evaluated the modulatory effects of zinc on colonic membrane fluidity and surface abnormalities following 1,2 dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis. Rats were segregated into four groups: normal control, DMH treated, zinc treated, DMH + zinc treated. Colon carcinogenesis was initiated through weekly subcutaneous injections of DMH (30 mg/kg body weight) for 8 weeks. Zinc (in the form of zinc sulphate) was supplemented to rats at a dose level of 227 mg/L in drinking water, ad libitum, for the entire duration of the study. Brush border membranes (BBM) were isolated from the colon of rats and the fluidity parameters were assessed by steady-state fluorescence polarization technique using the membrane extrinsic fluorophore 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene (DPH). The translational diffusion was measured by using the excimer formation of pyrene incorporated in the membrane. The results demonstrated a significant increase in the polarization and anisotropy, accompanied by an increase in order parameter in the membrane preparations from the colon of DMH-injected rats. Further, studies with pyrene fluorophore indicated a marked decrease in membrane microviscosity following DMH treatment. However, the alterations in membrane fluorescence polarization and the fluidity parameters were completely restored following zinc treatment. Drastic alterations in colon surface were noticed after 8 weeks of DMH treatment. However, zinc treatment to DMH-treated rats greatly restored normalcy in the colonic surface. The study concludes that zinc has a strong membrane stabilizing effect and thus has a positive beneficial effect against chemically induced colonic preneoplastic progression in rats.

Keywords: Dimethylhydrazine; Membrane dynamics; Zinc

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096504009789745665

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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