Sodium Selenite Induces Apoptosis in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia-Derived NB4 Cells Through Mitochondria-Dependent Pathway

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Abstract:

Our previous study has shown that sodium selenite can cause apoptosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia-derived NB4 cells in a caspase-dependent manner involving m disruption and cleavage of Bcl-2, but more detailed mechanism(s) remain unclear. Here we showed that mitochondrial apoptosis signaling pathway played a vital role in apoptosis induced by sodium selenite based on the following findings: 1) cytochrome c release, activation of caspase 9, mitochondrial targeting, and oligermerization of Bax; 2) caspase 9 , but not caspase 8, inhibitor could attenuate apoptosis; 3) downregulation of Bax and Bad by siRNA could delay sodium selenite-induced apoptosis. Further investigation showed that ROS was an essential inducer of m disruption and apoptosis by sodium selenite. Our findings here demonstrate that sodium selenite can induce apoptosis in NB4 cells through a mechanism involving ROS, activation of proapoptotic proteins Bad and Bax, m disruption, release of cytochrome c, and consequent initiation of caspase cascade.
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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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