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Genetic Polymorphism in UDP-Glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 and Colorectal Cancer Risk

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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignancies in the Western world. CRC is strongly associated with lifestyle factors. Susceptibility to CRC may be partly due to deficient detoxification capacity in the gastrointestinal tract. Genetic polymorphisms in detoxification enzymes result in variations in detoxification activities, which might influence the levels of carcinogens in the gastrointestinal tract, influencing the risk for CRC. To determine whether a genetic polymorphism in the detoxification enzyme UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7 (UGT2B7) predisposes to CRC, 411 Caucasian patients with sporadic CRC and 600 Caucasian controls recruited from the same geographic area were genotyped for the functional UGT2B7 H268Y polymorphism. DNA was isolated and tested by a dual-color real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. Overall, no differences in genotype distributions between patients with CRC and controls were observed. When analyzed with respect to tumor location, a shift from the UGT2B7*1*2 into the UGT2B7*2*2 genotype was seen in patients with proximal CRC (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.11‐2.89). In the male patient subpopulation an even stronger association was observed (*1*1 + *1*2 vs. *2*2: OR 2.17, 95% CI 1.11‐4.04; *1*2 vs. *2*2: OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.10‐4.37). No associations with respect to tumor stage were seen. In conclusion, the frequency of the UGT2B7*2*2 genotype is higher in CRC patients with proximal location of the tumor, especially in males, which suggests that this genotype is associated with an increased risk for proximal CRC.
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Keywords: Colorectal cancer; Genetic polymorphism; UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2B7

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2009-01-01

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