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Development of Pluronic Micelle-Encapsulated Doxorubicin and Formaldehyde-Releasing Prodrugs for Localized Anticancer Chemotherapy

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The chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin forms drug‐DNA adducts that are enhanced by formaldehyde-releasing prodrugs such as AN-9. One of the major limitations of doxorubicin is dose-limiting cardiotoxicity; therefore, the use of a targeting strategy that enables drug delivery and release at tumor sites is of great interest. The major aim of this study was to use the Pluronic-ultrasound delivery system to encapsulate doxorubicin and formaldehyde-releasing prodrugs within Pluronic micelles, and then use ultrasound to trigger controlled drug release from micelles. Pluronic micelles themselves were not stable upon dilution and required the use of a stabilizing agent DSPE-PEG2000 to form stable “mixed micelles.” Following the separation of free doxorubicin, approximately 60% of doxorubicin remained encapsulated within mixed micelles with a retention half-life of approximately 12 h. The formaldehyde-releasing prodrugs, however, were not retained within mixed micelles, but could potentially be administered separately to doxorubicin-loaded micelles to achieve tumor-localized formation of doxorubicin‐DNA adducts. The use of low-frequency, high-power ultrasound (20 kHz, 100 W/cm2) released 7‐10% of doxorubicin from mixed micelles. Collectively, these results indicate that the Pluronic-ultrasound system could be used to deliver and release doxorubicin with the potential of forming cytotoxic DNA adducts at tumor sites with coadministrated formaldehyde-releasing prodrugs.

Keywords: AN-9; Doxorubicin; Formaldehyde; Pluronics; Ultrasound

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2009-01-01

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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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