Aurora-A Transcriptional Silencing and Vincristine Treatment Show a Synergistic Effect in Human Tumor Cells

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Abstract:

Aurora-A is a centrosome-associated serine/threonine kinase that is overexpressed in multiple types of human tumors. Primarily, Aurora-A functions in centrosome maturation and mitotic spindle assembly. Overexpression of Aurora-A induces centrosome amplification and G2/M cell cycle progression. Recently, it was observed that overexpression of Aurora-A renders cells resistant to cisplatin (CDDP)-, etoposide-, and paclitaxel-induced apoptosis.Our results indicate that already in initial stages of cancer progression Aurora-A overexpression could have a major role in inducing supernumerary centrosomes and aneuploidy, as shown by immunohistochemistry on tissue sections from various stages of human colon cancer. Aneuploidy was also observed after Aurora-A ectopic overexpression in colon cancer cells with MIN phenotype. Silencing of Aurora-A by RNA interference in tumor cell lines triggered arrest of the cell cycle associated to apoptosis/mitotic catastrophe. Finally, Aurora-A transcriptional silencing seems to confer cancer cells a greater sensitivity to chemotherapy by vincristine, indicating Aurora-A as a possible gene target in cancer therapy.

Keywords: Aneuploidy; Aurora A/STK15; CIN; Centrosome amplification

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/096504008785055521

Publication date: March 1, 2008

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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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