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TAT Peptide-Modified Liposomes Provide Enhanced Gene Delivery to Intracranial Human Brain Tumor Xenografts in Nude Mice

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In this study, we have investigated the potential of trans-activating transcriptional activator peptide (TATp)-modified liposomes to enhance the delivery of the model gene, plasmid encoding for the green fluorescent protein (pEGFP-N1), to human brain tumor U-87 MG cells in vitro and in an intracranial model in nude mice. The TATp-lipoplexes were characterized at lipid/DNA (+/−) charge ratios of 0.2, 5, 10, and 20 for size analysis and DNA complexation. The size distribution of DNA-loaded TATp-liposomes was narrow and the DNA complexation was firm at lipid/DNA (+/−) charge ratios of 5 and higher. TATp-lipoplexes had demonstrated an enhanced delivery of pEGFP-N1 to U-87 MG tumor cells in vitro at lipid/DNA (+/−) charge ratios of 5 and 10. In vivo transfection of intracranial brain tumors by intratumoral injections of TATp-lipoplexes showed an enhanced delivery of pEGFP-N1 selectively to tumor cells and subsequent effective transfection compared to plain plasmid-loaded lipoplexes. No transfection (green fluorescence of the GFP) was noted in the normal brain adjacent to tumor.

Keywords: Brain tumor; Gene delivery; Intracranial; Liposome; TAT peptide; U-87 MG astrocytoma

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3727/000000006783980946

Affiliations: Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Center for Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Nanomedicine, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA

Publication date: August 1, 2006

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  • Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
    Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.
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