Relationship Between the Loss of Heterozygosity and Tobacco Smoking in Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma
Source: Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clinical Cancer Therapeutics, Volume 16, Number 7, 2006 , pp. 333-339(7)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation
Abstract:A loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is a major cause of lung carcinogenesis, and it is considered to be related to tobacco smoking in central type lung cancer. We investigated the relationship between LOH in lung adenocarcinoma and tobacco smoking. In a consecutive series of 50 patients with lung adenocarcinoma who underwent a surgical resection, cancer tissue specimens and corresponding normal peripheral lung and central bronchial tissue specimens were analyzed for LOH at the regions of D3S1234 (FHIT), D3S1300 (FHIT), D9S171 (CDKN2), and D17S796 (p53) by polymerase chain reaction using four fluorescence-labeled dinucleotide markers. To examine how cells are influenced by smoking, the A549 cell line was exposed to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P) for 24 weeks and then was subjected to the above analysis. The LOH in cancer tissue was thus detected in four (17%) patients at D3S1234, six (14%) at D3S1300, and seven (18%) at D17S796, but no LOH was detected in any normal tissue specimens. The incidence of LOHs in cancer tissue specimens from active smokers was 21% at D3S1234, 11% at D3S1300, and 19% at D17S796, whereas that of LOHs from nonactive smokers was 0% at D3S1234, 19% at D3S1300, and 14% at D17S796. Analyzing the relationship between the pack-year index and the presence of LOH, a significant difference was found among the active smokers. Besides, in the A549 cell line exposed to B[a]P, LOH was de novo detected in one (D2S123) of the nine regions examined. The incidence of LOH could be influenced by tobacco smoking in lung adenocarcinoma, thus suggesting the presence of an important event in the carcinogenesis of this disease.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan 2: Cancer Genetics Laboratory, Institute for Clinical Research, National Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka 811-1395, Japan 3: Department of Bioregulatory Medicine, Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Division, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan
Publication date: 2006-07-01
- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.