Expression of p53 and bcl-2 in Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer Before and After Neo-Adjuvant Hormonal Therapy
Abstract:The prognostic significance of p53 and bcl-2 expression in prostate carcinoma is currently under investigation. The aim of the present study was to analyze their expression in diagnostic biopsies and in prostatectomies performed after neo-adjuvant hormonal therapy to investigate their role in hormone resistance. One hundred and six patients with advanced prostate carcinoma were treated for 3 months with LHRH analogues before radical surgery. The expression of p53 and bcl-2 was analyzed by immunohistochemistry in all cases of prostatectomy and in available biopsies obtained before treatment, and was correlated with clinicopathologic parameters and follow-up. A significant increase in p53 expression was found following hormonal therapy, whereas no changes were observed in the expression of bcl-2. The increase in p53 did not correlate with the presence of therapy-induced morphological changes in prostate cancers, but it did correlate significantly with histologic grade and pathologic stage, biochemical progression of the disease, and short overall survival. At multivariate analysis, only grade and stage proved to be independent predictors of shorter survival. There were no correlations between bcl-2 and clinicopathologic variables whether in biopsies or in prostatectomies. The unfavorable clinical course associated with p53-positive carcinomas suggests that neo-adjuvant hormonal therapy may cause the selection of minor p53 mutated clones, rather than the induction of wild-type p53. In any case, the enhanced expression of p53 could label hormone-resistant cancers for further adjuvant therapy.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: *Department of Morphological Sciences and Legal Medicine, Section of Anatomic Pathology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Policlinico via del Pozzo 71, 41100 Modena, Italy 2: †Division of Urology-Azienda USL, Viale V.Veneto 9, 41100 Modena, Italy
Publication date: January 1, 2001
- Formerly: Oncology Research Incorporating Anti-Cancer Drug Design
Oncology Research Featuring Preclinical and Clincal Cancer Therapeutics publishes research of the highest quality that contributes to an understanding of cancer in areas of molecular biology, cell biology, biochemistry, biophysics, genetics, biology, endocrinology, and immunology, as well as studies on the mechanism of action of carcinogens and therapeutic agents, reports dealing with cancer prevention and epidemiology, and clinical trials delineating effective new therapeutic regimens.