Business-tobusiness electronic commerce has very promising possibilities for savings. As the tourism industry is characterized by many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), especially for this industry there is a high potential for the deployment of electronic data interchange
(EDI). EDI is nothing new; it has existed since the 1960s. It is mainly deployed for long-term business contracts with fixed conditions and products. Nevertheless, the new requirements of commerce in a Web environment with both its more ad-hoc and more flexible trading partnerships cannot
be fulfilled with traditional EDI solutions. The main shortcoming is the lack of formal semantic agreements between communication partners. Semantics are traditionally agreed on in a face-to-face manner in the forefield of a trading partnership, they are not formally defined and, thus, not
electronically interpretable. This work presents a possible solution for the semantic matching of varying syntactic representations of domain conceptsÂ—without forcing any of the partners into a specific standardization formatÂ—by the use of a Web-based descriptive
language, the resource description framework (RDF).
Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Information Systems, Vienna, Austria
Publication date: January 1, 2000
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Information Technology & Tourism is the first scientific journal dealing with the exciting relationship between information technology and tourism. Information and communication systems embedded in a global net have profound influence on the tourism and travel industry. Reservation systems, distributed multimedia systems, highly mobile working places, electronic markets, and the dominant position of tourism applications in the Internet are noticeable results of this development. And the tourism industry poses several challenges to the IT field and its methodologies.