ADSC Therapy in Neurodegenerative Disorders
Abstract:Neurodegenerative disorders, chronic diseases that can severely affect the patient’s daily life, include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s diseases. However, these diseases all have the common characteristic that they are due to degenerative irreversibility, and thus no efficient drugs or therapy methods can mitigate symptoms completely. Stem cell therapy, such as adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs), is a promising treatment for incurable disorders. In this review, we summarized the previous studies using ADSCs to treat neurodegenerative disorders, as well as their therapeutic mechanisms. We also suggested possible expectations for future human clinical trials involving minimized intracerebroventricular combined with intravenous administration, using different cell lineages to finish complementary therapy as well as change the extracellular matrix to create a homing niche. Depending on successful experiments in relevant neurodegenerative disorders models, this could form the theoretical basis for future human clinical trials.
Keywords: Adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs); Alzheimer’s disease; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; Autoimmune encephalomyelitis; Friedreich’s ataxia; Huntington’s disease; Krabbe disease; Neurodegenerative disorders; Niemann-Pick disease; Parkinson’s disease
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Center for Neuropsychiatry, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan
Publication date: April 9, 2014
- Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.