Lack of CD47 on Donor Hepatocytes Promotes Innate Immune Cell Activation and Graft Loss: A Potential Barrier to Hepatocyte Xenotransplantation
Abstract:We have previously shown that interspecies incompatibility of CD47 plays an important role in triggering rejection of xenogeneic hematopoietic cells by macrophages. However, whether CD47 incompatibility also induces rejection of nonhematopoietic cellular xenografts remains unknown. Herein, we have addressed this question in a mouse model of hepatocyte transplantation in which CD47−/− hepatocytes were used to resemble xenografts for CD47 incompatibility. We show that intrasplenic transplantation of CD47−/−, but not wild-type (WT) hepatocytes, into partially hepatectomized syngeneic WT mice resulted in a rapid increase in Mac-1+ cells with an activation phenotype (i.e., Mac-1+CD14+ and Mac-1+CD16/32high), compared to nontransplant controls. In addition, CD47−/− hepatocytes were more severely damaged than WT hepatocytes as indicated by the greater AST and ALT serum levels in these mice. Furthermore, long-term donor hepatocyte survival and liver repopulation were observed in mice receiving WT hepatocytes, whereas CD47−/− hepatocytes were completely rejected within 2 weeks. These results suggest that CD47 on donor hepatocytes prevents recipient myeloid innate immune cell activation, hence aiding in graft survival after hepatocyte transplantation. Thus, CD47 incompatibility is likely to present an additional barrier to hepatocyte xenotransplantation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Columbia Center for Translational Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, USA
Publication date: 2014-03-21
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