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Open Access The Potential of Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells to Improve Early Graft Loss After Intraportal Islet Transplantation

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Early graft loss in islet transplantation means that a large amount of donor islets is required. Endothelial cells and endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) have been reported to improve instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR) in vitro. In this study, we examined if ECFC-coated porcine islets would prevent early graft loss in vivo. Human ECFCs were prepared from cord blood and cocultured with islets to make composite grafts. Diabetic nude mice underwent intraportal transplantation. Blood glucose levels were monitored, and morphological examination of the grafts along with analysis of the components of IBMIR and inflammatory reaction were performed with the liver tissues. The ECFC-coated islets significantly decreased blood glucose levels immediately after transplantation compared to the uncoated islets. Composite ECFC islet grafts were observed in the liver sections, associated with a more insulin+ area compared to that of the uncoated group within 48 h after transplantation. Deposition of CD41a, C5b-9, and CD11b+ cells was also decreased in the ECFC-coated group. Expression of porcine HMGB1 and mouse TNF-α was increased in the transplantated groups compared to the sham operation group, with a trend of a decreasing trend across the uncoated group, the ECFC-coated group, and the sham group. We demonstrated that the composite ECFC porcine islets transplanted into the portal vein of nude mice improved early graft loss and IBMIR in vivo.
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Keywords: Early graft loss; Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs); Endothelial progenitor cell; High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1); Instant blood-mediated inflammatory reaction (IBMIR); Islet transplantation (ITx)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Publication date: 2014-03-21

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.

    Cell Transplantation is now being published by SAGE. Please visit their website for the most recent issues.

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