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Open Access Survival of Neural Progenitors Allografted Into the CNS of Immunocompetent Recipients Is Highly Dependent on Transplantation Site

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Allografts continue to be used in clinical neurotransplantation studies; hence, it is crucial to understand the mechanisms that govern allograft tolerance. We investigated the impact of transplantation site within the brain on graft survival. Mouse [Friend leukemia virus, strain B (FVB)] glial precursors, transfected with luciferase, were injected (3 × 105) into the forceps minor (FM) or striatum (STR). Immunodeficient rag2 −/− and immunocompetent BALB/c mice were used as recipients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmed that cells were precisely deposited at the selected coordinates. The graft viability was assessed noninvasively with bioluminescent imaging (BLI) for a period of 16 days. Regardless of implantation site, all grafts (n = 10) deposited in immunodeficient animals revealed excellent survival. In contrast, immunocompetent animals only accepted grafts at the STR site (n = 10), whereas all the FM grafts were rejected (n = 10). To investigate the factors that led to rejection of FM grafts, with acceptance of STR grafts, another group of animals (n = 19) was sacrificed during the prerejection period, on day 5. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging with IRDye 800CW‐polyethylene glycol probe displayed similar blood‐brain barrier disruption at both graft locations. The morphological distribution of FM grafts was cylindrical, parallel to the needle track, whereas cells transplanted into the STR accumulated along the border between the STR and the corpus callosum. There was significantly less infiltration by both innate and adaptive immune cells in the STR grafts, especially along the calloso-striatal border. With allograft survival being dependent on the transplantation site, the anatomical coordinates of the graft target should always be taken into account as it may determine the success or failure of therapy.

Keywords: Brain; Glial progenitors; Rejection; Stem cells; Transplantation

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2014-02-14

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  • Cell Transplantation publishes original, peer-reviewed research and review articles on the subject of cell transplantation and its application to human diseases. To ensure high-quality contributions from all areas of transplantation, separate section editors and editorial boards have been established. Articles deal with a wide range of topics including physiological, medical, preclinical, tissue engineering, and device-oriented aspects of transplantation of nervous system, endocrine, growth factor-secreting, bone marrow, epithelial, endothelial, and genetically engineered cells, among others. Basic clinical studies and immunological research papers are also featured. To provide complete coverage of this revolutionary field, Cell Transplantation will report on relevant technological advances, and ethical and regulatory considerations of cell transplants. Cell Transplantation is now an Open Access journal starting with volume 18 in 2009, and therefore there will be an inexpensive publication charge, which is dependent on the number of pages, in addition to the charge for color figures. This will allow work to be disseminated to a wider audience and also entitle the corresponding author to a free PDF, as well as prepublication of an unedited version of the manuscript.
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